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:: دوره 9، شماره 4 - ( پاییز 1397 ) ::
جلد 9 شماره 4 صفحات 389-402 برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
ارزیابی ریسک مخازن نفتی آموت منطقه آزاد اروند در مرحله بهره‫برداری با استفاده از روش FMEA
نگین حمیدان ، سولماز دشتی
دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اهواز
چکیده:   (574 مشاهده)
زمینه و هدف: با توسعه روز افزون دانش و ظهور فن­آوری­های جدید در عرصه صنعت و تولید بالاخص صنایع نفت و ایجاد سیستم­های بسیار پیچیده لزوم اجرای اصول مدیریت ایمنی، بهداشتی و محیط­زیست جهت جلوگیری از وقوع حوادث اهمیت ویژه­ای­ پیدا کرده است. به همین دلیل ارزیابی ریسک­ صنعت نفت و مخازن ذخیره­ای آن برای دستیابی به مدیریت ایمنی، بهداشتی و محیط­زیست امری ضروری و اجتناب­ناپذیر محسوب می­شود.
روش کار: در این پژوهش از روش FMEA برای شناسایی و تعیین اهمیت ریسک­های بهداشتی، ایمنی و زیست­محیطی استفاده گردید.
یافته­ها: بر اساس نتایج به­دست آمده در مرحله بهره­برداری از مخازن نفتی آموت اروند، از مجموع 14 ریسک شناساییشده، 4 ریسک در سطح بحرانی قرار دارند که 3 ریسک شامل نشت از مخازن LPG، انفجار و آتش­سوزی (ناشی از مخازن LPG)، تصادف وسایل نقلیه و ماشین­آلات بیشتر به علت خطای انسانی بوده اند. وقوع حوادث طبیعی با میزان عددی RPN (240)، بالاترین مقدار ریسک را به خود اختصاص داده است.
نتیجه­گیری: بعد از انجام اقدامات اصلاحی لازم بر روی ریسک­های بحرانی 14 درصد این ریسک­ها به سطح متوسط کاهش یافتند و 7 درصد که مربوط به ریسک­ نشت از مخازن LPG است در سطح بالا قرار گرفت که باید در اولویت اول اقدامات اصلاحی گنجانده شود. در مجموع می­توان بیان داشت که انجام اقدامات اصلاحی در کاهش ریسک مرحله بهرهبرداری مؤثر بوده است. پس می­توان با مدیریت درست و اجرای اصول HSE خطرات صنایع نفت را به حداقل رساند.
واژه‌های کلیدی: ارزیابی ریسک، FMEA، مخازن نفتی آموت
متن کامل [PDF 253 kb]   (365 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: تخصصي
دریافت: ۱۳۹۷/۶/۳۱ | پذیرش: ۱۳۹۷/۶/۳۱ | انتشار: ۱۳۹۷/۶/۳۱
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Hamidan N, Dashti S. Risk Assessment of Oil Reservoirs of Amout-E-Arvand Free Zone Area at the Explotiation Phase Using FMEA Method. j.health. 2018; 9 (4) :389-402
URL: http://healthjournal.arums.ac.ir/article-1-1629-fa.html

حمیدان نگین، دشتی * سولماز. ارزیابی ریسک مخازن نفتی آموت منطقه آزاد اروند در مرحله بهره‫برداری با استفاده از روش FMEA. سلامت و بهداشت. 1397; 9 (4) :389-402

URL: http://healthjournal.arums.ac.ir/article-1-1629-fa.html



دوره 9، شماره 4 - ( پاییز 1397 ) برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
مجله سلامت و بهداشت Journal of Health
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