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:: Volume 13, Issue 2 (summer 2022) ::
j.health 2022, 13(2): 161-178 Back to browse issues page
Preparation of Activated Carbon from Inexpensive and Magnetized Materials with Fe3O4 Nanoparticles to Remove Hexavalent Chromium from Aqueous Solutions; Study of Isotherms and Kinetics
A Bagheri , H Sadeghi , Y Babaei
School of Public Health and Safety Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (208 Views)
Background & objective: Heavy metals such as chromium are among the most common pollutants commonly found in high concentrations in industrial wastewater. They can damage aquatic environments and endanger the health of living organisms, especially humans. This study aims to determine the optimal removal of hexavalent chromium by magnetized activated carbon (AC / Fe3O4) from aqueous solutions.
Methods: The structure and properties of AC/Fe3O4 were investigated by FESEM, FTIR, BET, and VSM techniques. The effect of solution pH parameter (3-11), initial concentration of hexavalent chromium (10-50) mg/L, and adsorbent dose (0.5-2) g/L on hexavalent chromium removal efficiency along with isotherm and kinetics studies was investigated. The concentration of hexavalent chromium was determined by direct reading at 540 nm with a spectrophotometer.
Results: The optimal conditions for maximum removal of hexavalent chromium at pH=3, contact time of 60 minutes, and adsorbent dose of 1.5 g/L were obtained with an initial concentration of hexavalent chromium of 30 mg/L. The isotherm and kinetics study showed that the experimental data followed the Langmuir and pseudo-second-order kinetics.
Conclusion: Under desirable conditions, the maximum capacity of AC/Fe3O4 adsorption increased to 21.14 mg/g. The present study illustrated that AC/Fe3O4 could be used as an adsorbent to remove chromium from aqueous solutions.
 
Keywords: Adsorption, Activated Carbon, Worn Tire, Magnetic Nanoparticles, Hexavalent Chromium
Full-Text [PDF 1366 kb]   (67 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2022/09/8 | Accepted: 2022/09/1 | Published: 2022/09/1
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Bagheri A, Sadeghi H, Babaei Y. Preparation of Activated Carbon from Inexpensive and Magnetized Materials with Fe3O4 Nanoparticles to Remove Hexavalent Chromium from Aqueous Solutions; Study of Isotherms and Kinetics. j.health 2022; 13 (2) :161-178
URL: http://healthjournal.arums.ac.ir/article-1-2588-en.html


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Volume 13, Issue 2 (summer 2022) Back to browse issues page
مجله سلامت و بهداشت Journal of Health
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