[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 9, Issue 4 (autumn 2018) ::
j.health 2018, 9(4): 462-474 Back to browse issues page
A Review of the Health System Development Components in the Science Curriculum in Primary Schools: Shannon's Entropy Technique
M Piri , S Mohammadi Moulod
Azarbaijan shahid madani University, Tabriz
Abstract:   (500 Views)
Background & objectives: The Health System Development document is one of the leading documents in the field of health planning that will guide the activities of country's health care until 1404. Health education is among the important areas that are considered in the development of the health system. This study aimed to analyze the content of the science books of the elementary schools based on the components related to education in the documents of health system development. It will help to determine the level of attention to these components in elementary textbooks.
Methods: This descriptive study was performed by content analysis method using Shannon entropy technique. In this technique, first, the frequency of each component was determined in the desired content. In the second step, the frequencies converted into normal data and frequency and importance coefficient were calculated for each of the indicators and components including health, accidents, prevention and nutrition.
Results: The importance coefficient for nutritional health component (0.308) was more than other components and preventive component had the least value of importance coefficient (0.114).
Among the other indicators, the nutritional health (0.191), physical health had the highest importance coefficient (0.189) while the importance coefficient for the prevention of high-risk behavior was computed zero.
Conclusion: The results of this study showed that among all the pages of the experimental sciences books, the elementary school has focused on the components of nutrition and health (physical, family, psychological, and environment) more than others. Preventive component had the lowest attention.
Keywords: : Health Education, Health System Development, Content Analysis, Shannon Entropy, Experimental Sciences
Full-Text [PDF 211 kb]   (207 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/09/23 | Accepted: 2018/09/23 | Published: 2018/09/23
1. http://www.who.int/social_determinants/final_report/csdh_finalreport_2008_execsumm.pdf. 2015
2. The Ministry of Health and medical education. Health system transformation program in the field of health. Tehran (Iran): The Ministry of Health and medical education. 2014. [In Persian]
3. The Ministry of Health and medical education. The map of the health system transformation of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Tehran: The Ministry of Health and medical education. 2011. [In Persian]
4. Policy Making Committee of MOHME. Health in Islamic Republic of Iran, 5th program of economic, social and cultural development. Tehran: MOHME. 2009. [In Persian]
5. Shadpour K. Health sector reform in Islamic Republic of Iran. Hakim Research Journal. 2006; 9(3):1-18. [In Persian]
6. Nutbeam D, Kickbusch I. Advancing health literacy: A global challenge for the 21st century. Health Promote. 2000; 15: 183-4. [DOI:10.1093/heapro/15.3.183]
7. Paasche MK, Parker RM, Gazmararian JA, Nielsen LT, Rudd RR. The prevalence of limited health literacy. Journal of General Internal Medicine. 2005; 20:175-84. [DOI:10.1111/j.1525-1497.2005.40245.x]
8. Kickbusch J, Franklin A, Agis D. editors. Health literacy the solid facts. UN city (Denmark): WHO Regional Office for Europe. 2013; 6: 119-124.
9. Bohlman LN, Panzer AM, Kindig DA. Health Literacy: a prescription to end confusion. Washington (DC): National Academies Press. 2004;24(3):98-104.
10. WHO. Closing the gap in a generation: health equity through action on the social determinants of health: Commission on Social Determinants of Health final report. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2008;22(5):625-654.
11. Yoshida I, Kobayashi T, Sapkota S, Ackhavong K. Evaluating educational media using traditional folk songs (Lam,) in Laos: A health message combined with oral tradition. Health Promote Int. 2011; 5:17-21.
12. Albert C, Davia MA. Education is a keyDeterminant of health in Europe: a comparative analysis of 11 countries. Evaluating educational media using traditional folk songs (Lam,) in Laos: a health message combined with oral tradition. 2010; 26:163-169.
13. Nutbeam D. The evolving concept of Health literacy. Soc Sci Med. 2008; 67:2072-2078. [DOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2008.09.050]
14. Shafii F, Azargashb A. Health education. (Translation). DharmaLingam, T. Ramachandran, L. Tehran: University of Tehran Press. 1990:75.
15. Word Health Organization Geneva. Understanding Skills-Based Health Education & Life Skills, WHO information Series on School Health. 2003:12.
16. Rampold G, Klingseis M, Dornauer K, Kopp M, Doering S, Hofer S, et al. Psychotropic Substance Abuse among Adolescents: A Structural Equation Model on Risk and Protective Factors. Substance Use & Misuse. 2006;41(8): 1155-1169. [DOI:10.1080/10826080600752136]
17. Department of Health and Human Services. School Health Policies and Programs Study (SHPPS). Journal of School Health. 2007; 77(8): 1-2.
18. Tavousi M, Ebadi M, Fattahi, E, Jahangiry L, Hashemi A, Hashemiparast M. Health literacy measures: A systematic review of the literature, Journal of the Iranian Institute for Health Sciences Research. 2015; 14(4): 485-496. [In Persian]
19. Haghdoost A, Mehrolhassani M, Khajehkazemi R, Fallah M, Dehnavieh R. Monitoring Indicators of Iranian Health System Reform Plan. Hakim Research Journal 2013; 16(3): 171- 181. [In Persian]
20. Sarmad Z, Bazargan A, Hejazi E. Research methods in behavioral sciences. Tehran: Agah. 2013: 132-136. [In Persian]
21. Azar A. Developing of Shannon Entropy Method in Content Analysis. Journal of Al-Zahra. 2001; 11(37, 38): 1-18. [In Persian]
22. Pasha¬Sharifi H, Sharifi N. Scientific Research Methods in Behavioral Sciences. Tehran: sokhan; 2013: 241-247. [In Persian]
23. Dilawar A. Theoretical and practical research in the humanities and social sciences. Tehran: Roshd. 2014: 76.
24. Spear HJ, Kulbok PA. Adolescent health behaviors and related factors: a review. Public Health Nurs. 2001; 18(2): 82-93. [DOI:10.1046/j.1525-1446.2001.00082.x]
25. Spear Hilla K. Adolescent Health Behaviors and Related Factors: A Review Study. Public Health Nursing. 2001; 45(18): 82-89.
26. Salehi Omran E, Abedini Baltork M. Content Analysis of Health Information Components in School Textbooks. Health Information Management. 2011; 8(4): 608-614. [In Persian]
27. Jamison J. Health education in schools: a survey of policy and implementation. Health Education Journal. 1993; 52(2): 59-62. [DOI:10.1177/001789699305200203]
28. Izadi S, Salehiomran E, Fathivajargah K, Abedini M. Analysis of primary school textbooks based on the components of health education Review Quarterly. Journal of Educational Innovations. 2010; 33:139-162. [In Persian]
29. Salehiomran E, Izadi S, Rezaee F. Content analyze of elementary textbooks based on the global education components. Journal of Curriculum Studies. 2009; 4(13): 141-17. [InPersian]
30. Yamashita, T. Health literacy and health outcomes: Implications for social determinants of health, Health disparity and learning for health. Submitted to the Faculty of Miami University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy Department of Sociology & Gerontology. 2011:2(4):75-83.
31. Tahmasebpour F. A survey about relationship between family functioning and mental health with productivity among married man staffs of Iranian Central Oil FieldsCompany. Tehran: Shahid Beheshti University. 2006:125-132. [In Persian]
32. Souri H, Ainy E, Zali AR, Naghavi M, Kordi Borujeni E. Epidemiology of nonfatal accidents in iran. Journal of Nursing and Midwifery. 2008; 18(60): 45-50. [In Persian]
33. Charkazi A, Esmaeili A, Garkaz G, Qoreishi Z, Gerey S, Nazari S. Epidemiologic Survey of road traffic accidents in patients admitted in emergency department of Alejalil hospital in Aq-Qala city, Golestan province. Ardebil Journal of Health and Hygiene. 2012; 3(2): 42-9. [In Persian]
34. Spear HJ, Kulbok PA. Adolescent health behaviors and related factors: a review. Public Health Nurs. 2001;1(2):82-93.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Piri M, Mohammadi Moulod S. A Review of the Health System Development Components in the Science Curriculum in Primary Schools: Shannon's Entropy Technique. j.health. 2018; 9 (4) :462-474
URL: http://healthjournal.arums.ac.ir/article-1-1636-en.html

Volume 9, Issue 4 (autumn 2018) Back to browse issues page
مجله سلامت و بهداشت Journal of Health
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.1 seconds with 32 queries by YEKTAWEB 3862