[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 9, Issue 4 (autumn 2018) ::
j.health 2018, 9(4): 453-461 Back to browse issues page
The Effect of Modified Biscuit on Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Children and Adolescents: Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial
F Sajjadi , R Kelishadi , A Ahmadi , H Alikhasi , M Maghroun , F Nouri , N Mohammadifard
Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan
Abstract:   (458 Views)
Background & objectives: The trend of hyperlipidemia and obesity is increasing among children and adolescents. These age groups like to eat biscuits as an appropriate and energetic snack that may lead to obesity. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of diet biscuit consumption on anthropometric and metabolic indexes.
Methods: This double blind interventional study was conducted in Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center in 2008-2009.The participants were the children and adolescent aged 6-18 years. The population under study was 63 persons who allocated in two groups of 31 and 32 persons and followed for one year. First group used diet biscuits and the second group used non-diet and both group received diet therapy. Demographic data were obtained using questionnaire. Anthropometric characteristic including body mass Index, waist circumference and the waist to hip ratio was measured. Meanwhile blood sample was collected to measure fasting blood sugar and serum lipid profile. Collected data were analysed by statistical methods including t-test and ANCOVA.
Results: There was a significant difference in BMI before and after study in both groups (p=0.02). Although the biochemical variables decreased in both groups difference was not significant
Conclusion: The results of this study show that using modified biscuit has no significant effect on children’s cardiovascular risk factors. Since the effect of snack modification on improvement of children health status has been proven. Additional studies need to be performed to find the best formulation and improve the health of consumers.
Keywords: Diet Biscuits, Cardiovascular Disease, Children
Full-Text [PDF 133 kb]   (202 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/09/23 | Accepted: 2018/09/23 | Published: 2018/09/23
References
1. Sonneville KR, La Pelle N, TaverasEM, Gillman MW, Prosser LA. Economic and other barriers to adopting recommendations to prevent childhoodobesity: results of a focus group study with parents. BMC Pediatr. 2009: 21; 9: 81.
2. Belansky ES, Romaniello C, Morin C. Adapting and implementing a longterm nutrition and physical activity curriculum to a rural, low income, biethnic community. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2006; 38:106-13. [DOI:10.1016/j.jneb.2005.11.011]
3. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, World Health Organization, International Conference on Nutrition. Nutrition and development, a global assessment. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: World Health Organization. 1992:3-27
4. Kelishadi R, Hashemipour M, Sarraf-Zadegan N, Amiri M. Trend of atherosclerosis risk factors in children of Isfahan. Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals. 2001; 9:36-40. [DOI:10.1177/021849230100900110]
5. Kelishadi R, Ardalan G, Gheiratmand R, Majdzadeh R, Hosseini M, Gouya MM, Razaghi EM, Delavari A, Motaghian M, Barekati H,Mahmoud-Arabi MS, Lock K; Caspian Study Group. Thinness, overweight and obesity in a national sample of Iranian children and adolescents: CASPIAN Study. Child Care Health Dev. 2008;34(1):44-54.
6. Dadkhah Piraghaj M., Amini M, Houshiar rad A, Abdollahi M, Zoghi T, Eslami amirabadi M. Qualitative and quantitative dietary assessment of primary school children in Tehran. Nutrition Sciences & Food Technology. 2008; 1(3): 31-44.
7. Kelishadi R, Ardalan G, Gheirat mand R, Sheikhol eslam R, Majd zadeh S, Delavari A, et al. Do the dietary habits of our community warrant health of children and adolescents now and in future? Caspian study Iranian Journal of Pediatric. 2005;2(15):97- 109.
8. Vaisman N, Voet H, Akivis A. Vakil E. Effect of breakfast timing on the cognitive function of elementary school student. Arch Pediatric Adolesc Med. 1996; 150: 1089-92. [DOI:10.1001/archpedi.1996.02170350091016]
9. Conners CK, Blouin AG. Nutritional effects on behavior of children. J Psvchiat. Res. 1982; 17: 193-210.
10. Nicklas TA, Webber LS, Berenson GS. Studies of consistency of dietary intakeduring the first four years of life in a prospectiveanalysis: Bogalusa Heart Study, J. Am. Coll.Nutr. 1991;10: 234-41. [DOI:10.1080/07315724.1991.10718150]
11. Briend A. General experience with zinc supplementation: Are we ready for large-scale supplementation program? Food and Nutrition Bulletin. 2001; 22(2): 163-6. [DOI:10.1177/156482650102200206]
12. Rios R V, Pessanha M D F, AlmeIda P F, Viana C L, LANNES S C S. Application of fats in some food products Food Sci. Technol, Campinas, 2014:34(1): 3-15 [DOI:10.1590/S0101-20612014000100001]
13. Sharp T. Technical constraints in the development of reduced-fat bakery products. Proc Nutr Soc. 2001;60(4):489-96. [DOI:10.1079/PNS2001108]
14. National academy of sciences. Recommended diet. 10th ed. Washington: National Academy Press. 1989: 24-39
15. World Health Organization, The CINDI dietary guide. Denmark : Copenhagen :2000: 1-34
16. National Institutes of Health, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NHLBI Obesity Education Initiative, North American Association for the Study of Obesity. The practical guide: identification, evaluation, and treatment of overweight and obesity in adults. Bethesda, Md. NIH publication no: 00-4084. 2000:8-13
17. Friedewald WT, Levy RI, Fredrickson DS. Estimation of the Concentration of low density lipoprotein cholesterol in plasma without use of the preparative ultracentrifuge. Clin Chem. 1972; 18(6): 499-502.
18. Mazloom Z, Kazemy F, Tabatabai SH, Ansar H. Comparison of the effect of low-glycemic index versus low-fat diet on body fat and waist-hip ratio in obese women. Journal of Gorgan University of MedicalSciences. 2009; 1(11):33-8.
19. Sabet sarvestani R, Kave M, Tabatabaee H. The effect of dietary behavior modification on anthropometricindices in obes adolescent female students. J Adv Nurs. 2009;65(8):1670-5. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2009.05029.x]
20. Davison KK, Brich LL. Child and parentcharacteristics as predictors of change in girl'sbody mass index. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2001; 25(12): 1834-42 [DOI:10.1038/sj.ijo.0801835]
21. Moore KG, Bailey JH. Parental Perspectives of a Childhood Obesity Intervention in Mississippi: A Phenomenological Study. The Qualitative Report. 2013; 18: 1-22.
22. Rizkalla SW1, Taghrid L, Laromiguiere M, Huet D, Boillot J, Rigoir A, Elgrably F, Slama G. Improved plasma glucose control, whole-body glucose utilization, and lipid profile on a low-glycemic index diet in type 2 diabetic men: a randomized controlled trial.Diabetes Care. 2004 ;27(8):1866-72. [DOI:10.2337/diacare.27.8.1866]
23. Esmaillzadeh A, Haghighatdoost F, Zaribaf F, Karimi G, Azadbakht L. The effect of macronutrients on the blood lipid profiles evidence based review. Iranian Journal of Diabetes and lipid. 2009: 1-13
24. Coyle J, Williams B. An exploration of the epistemological intricacies of using qualitative data to develop a quantitative measure of user views of health care. J Adv Nurs. 2000; 31(5):1235-43 [DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2648.2000.01381.x]
25. Dadkhah Piraghaj M, Amini M, Houshiar Rad A, Abdollahi M, Zoghi T, Eslami Amirabadi M. Qualitative and quantitative dietary assessment of primary school children in Tehran. Iran J Nutr Sci Food Technol. 2008; 1(3):31-44.
26. Sajjadi F, Kelishadi R, Maghroon M, Alikhasi H, Mohammadifard N, Saghafian F, Iraji F, Ehteshami MS. The effect of two nutritional methods in changes of anthropometric indexes in obese parents and their children. Zahedan J Res Med Sci (ZJRMS). 2010; 13(1): 42-46.
27. Jakicic JM, Marcus BH, Gallagher KI, Napolitano M, Lang W. Effect of exercise duration and intensity on weight loss in overweight, sedentary women: a randomized trial. JAMA. 2003; 290(10):1323-30. [DOI:10.1001/jama.290.10.1323]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA code



XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Sajjadi F, Kelishadi R, Ahmadi A, Alikhasi H, Maghroun M, Nouri F et al . The Effect of Modified Biscuit on Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Children and Adolescents: Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial. j.health. 2018; 9 (4) :453-461
URL: http://healthjournal.arums.ac.ir/article-1-1635-en.html


Volume 9, Issue 4 (autumn 2018) Back to browse issues page
مجله سلامت و بهداشت Journal of Health
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.1 seconds with 32 queries by YEKTAWEB 3879