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:: Volume 8, Issue 5 (winter 2018) ::
j.health 2018, 8(5): 511-517 Back to browse issues page
Prevalence of Hospital-Acquired Infections in Hospitalized Patients in Different wards of Shariati Hospital of Isfahan, 2014
F Ghanbari , H Ghajavand , P Behshod , N Ghanbari , F Khademi
Abstract:   (505 Views)
Background & objectives: Hospital-acquired infections (HAI) are a major public health Challenge especially in developing countries, which increased length of stay and hospital costs and increase the mortality rates. The aim of this study was to determine HAI prevalence in hospitalized patients in Shariati hospital of Isfahan.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed from March 2013 to August 2014 in Shariati hospital of Isfahan. Infections were surveyed according to the definitions of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The bacteria were identified to the species level based on a standard bacteriological method. Data were recorded and analyzed by SPSS.  
Results: In this study the incidence of nosocomial infections was 5.4%. The most common type of infection was urinary tract infection 216 (72%) followed by blood infection 47(15.6%) and wound infection 21 (7%). The most common microorganisms were Escherichia coli with 136 cases (46%) followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (32 cases, 10.6%) and Enterococcoc (30 cases, 10%). The most prevalent nosocomial infection was observed in internal ward (100 cases, 35.66%) followed by ICU (87, 30.6%), surgical ward (78, 17.9%), emergency department (25, 10.3%) and pediatric ward (10 cases, 5%).
Conclusion: The prevalence of nosocomial infection in different hospitals depends on the type of the service provided; therefore, comparing the results between different hospitals even those located in the same city is not feasible.  The overall prevalence of nosocomial infection found in this study is comparable with the results of other studies.
Keywords: Hospital-Acquired Infections, Urinary Tract Infection, Escherichia coli, Internal Unit.
Full-Text [PDF 155 kb]   (219 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/12/14 | Accepted: 2017/12/14 | Published: 2017/12/14
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Ghanbari F, Ghajavand H, Behshod P, Ghanbari N, Khademi F. Prevalence of Hospital-Acquired Infections in Hospitalized Patients in Different wards of Shariati Hospital of Isfahan, 2014. j.health. 2018; 8 (5) :511-517
URL: http://healthjournal.arums.ac.ir/article-1-1388-en.html

Volume 8, Issue 5 (winter 2018) Back to browse issues page
مجله سلامت و بهداشت Journal of Health
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