:: Volume 8, Number 3 (summer 2017) ::
j.health 2017, 8(3): 328-335 Back to browse issues page
Investigating the Status of Blood Pressure and Its Related Factors in Individuals with Hypertension Visiting Urban and Rural Health Centers in Rasht City During 2014
F Mehrabian, R Farmanbar, M Mahdavi Roshan, S Omidi, R Aghebati
Guilan Medical University
Abstract:   (126 Views)
Background & Objectives: Cardiovascular diseases as common problems in the world are recognized as the leading cause of the adults' death. Due to global prevalence of hypertension and its serious health effects as the third leading cause of death in the world (one out of eight deaths); it has been considered as the main problems of the communities. Blood pressure is the leading cause of mortality and morbidity. It is not curable but may be managed through self-care. Hence, the present paper aims to investigate status of individuals with hypertension.
Methods: Present cross-sectional study was conducted on 150 individuals with high blood pressure visiting Rasht health centers (numbers 13 and 14). Subjects were selected through stratified random sampling method. Research tool was a questionnaire containing 40 items. Its validity and reliability were tested by expert Panel and Cronbach's Alpha (α=0.71), respectively. Collected data was analyzed by deductive and descriptive tests using SPSS software.
Results: Males and females accounted for 24% and 76% of the population, respectively. 62.7% of participants had a history of the disease and 3.37% lacking such history.  Only 75.3% has visited health care services to measure and control their blood pressure. 101 individuals (67.3%) were illiterate, 42 (28%) had primary, 5 (3.3%) junior high and 1.3% high school education or higher levels. Average age of the participants was 56.058 years with standard deviation of 6.11. The highest average of systolic blood pressure recorded in a visit earlier was 134.63 (with standard deviation of 13.13) and the lowest average diastolic blood pressure recorded was 79.86 (with standard deviation of 8.51).   
Conclusion: According to research findings and examining patients' status it seems essential to train more to enhance their blood pressure control behavior using theories like theory of planned behavior and hence, the society can witness a considerable reduction in blood pressure based on required interventions.
Keywords: Cardiovascular Disease, Blood Pressure, Theory of Planned Behavior.
Full-Text [PDF 125 kb]   (81 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/07/31 | Accepted: 2017/07/31 | Published: 2017/07/31

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Volume 8, Number 3 (summer 2017) Back to browse issues page