[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 10, Issue 1 (spring 2019) ::
j.health 2019, 10(1): 7-18 Back to browse issues page
Determination of Catechol Toxicity Changes Before and After the Ctalytic Ozonation Process Using Bioassay Method
M Kermani , M Farzadkia , A Esrafili , Y Dadban Shahamat , S Fallah Jokandan
Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (1043 Views)
Background & objective: Catechol is one of the most common compounds in the industrial wastewater including oil and petrochemical, pesticides industries. The drainage of these industries leads to aquatic organisms poisoning and adverse effects on the environment. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the effects of catechol toxicity changes before and after the catalytic ozonation process by Daphnia Magna bioassay.
Methods: This study is an applied research in which the toxicity of catechol and its products from degradation was evaluated by bioassay method during the Catalytic ozonation process. First stock solution was prepared at concentration of 250 mg/l followed by preparation of 10 samples that each contained 0 (control), 0.5, 1, 3, 6, 12, 25, 50, 75 and 100% of volume of primary solution. Initial samples were prepared from reactor effluent in the same volume. Based on the standard method, 10 Daphnia infants were added to prepared samples. Samples were evaluated after 24, 48, 72 and 96 hours. Finally, lethal concentration (LC50) and toxic units (TU) were calculated using probit analysis.
Results: According to the results, LC50 (24 hours) of raw effluent with an initial concentration of 250 mg / L of catechol increased from 13.30 ml/100 ml to 33.9 ml/100 ml after 60 minutes treatment. Consequently, the toxicity unit decreased from 7.51 TU to 0.9 TU which means that the toxicity dropped by 88%. Finally, the toxicity of treated effluent decreased during catalytic ozonation process to degradation of catechol.
Conclusion: Bioassay is a simple and effective way to evaluate the toxicity potential of Catechol to discharge it to surface water. Based on the bioassay by Daphnia Magna, Catalytic ozonation process is able to reduce the toxicity of catechol by degradation this compound and breaking into other products.
Keywords: Catechol, Toxicity, Catalytic Ozonation Process, Bioassay, Daphnia Magna
Full-Text [PDF 451 kb]   (343 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/03/7 | Accepted: 2019/03/7 | Published: 2019/03/7
1. Busca G, Berardinelli S, Resini C, Arrighi L. Technologies for the removal of phenol from fluid streams: a short review of recent developments. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 2008;160(2):265-88. [DOI:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.03.045]
2. Schweigert N, Zehnder AJ, Eggen RI. Chemical properties of catechols and their molecular modes of toxic action in cells, from microorganisms to mammals. Environmental Microbiology. 2001;3(2):81-91. [DOI:10.1046/j.1462-2920.2001.00176.x]
3. Mandal A, Ojha K, De Asim K, Bhattacharjee S. Removal of catechol from aqueous solution by advanced photo-oxidation process. Chemical Engineering Journal. 2004;102(2):203-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.cej.2004.05.007]
4. IARC Summarise &Evaluations catechol. 1999; 1-19.
5. Subramanyam R, Mishra I. Treatment of catechol bearing wastewater in an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor: Sludge characteristics. Bioresource technology. 2008;99(18):8917-25. [DOI:10.1016/j.biortech.2008.04.067]
6. Li L, Zhu W, Zhang P, Chen Z, Han W. Photocatalytic oxidation and ozonation of catechol over carbon-black-modified nano-TiO 2 thin films supported on Al sheet. Water Research. 2003;37(15):3646-51. [DOI:10.1016/S0043-1354(03)00269-0]
7. Larson RA. Naturally occurring antioxidants: CRC Press; 1997; 15-18. 8- 8. F S. Material Safety Data Sheet of Catechol. 2009; 1-5.
8. Yue S, Xiao-tao L, Chao X, Jin-long C, Ai-min L, Quan-xing Z. Adsorption Of Catechol From Aqueous Solution By Aminated Hypercrosslinked Polymer. Env Sci. 2005;17(4):584-8.
9. Bukowska B, Kowalska S. Phenol and catechol induce prehemolytic and hemolytic changes in human erythrocytes. Toxicology letters. 2004;152(1):73-84. [DOI:10.1016/j.toxlet.2004.03.025]
10. Aghapour AA, Moussavi G, Yaghmaeian K. Biological degradation of catechol in wastewater using the sequencing continuous-inflow reactor (SCR). Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering. 2013;11(1):3. [DOI:10.1186/2052-336X-11-3]
11. Piri R, Kermani M, Esrafili A. Using Persulfate-based Photochemical Oxidation (UV/Na2S2O8) in Eliminating 4-Chlorophenol from Aqueous Solutions, 2017 Apr 15;27(147):358-70.
12. Oller I, Malato S, Sánchez-Pérez J. Combination of advanced oxidation processes and biological treatments for wastewater decontamination-a review. Science of the total environment. 2011;409(20):4141-66. [DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2010.08.061]
13. Harrelkas F, Paulo A, Alves MM, El Khadir L, Zahraa O, Pons MN, et al. Photocatalytic and combined anaerobic-photocatalytic treatment of textile dyes. Chemosphere. 2008;72(11):1816-22. [DOI:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2008.05.026]
14. Mehralipour J, Asgari G. Optimization of Catalytic Ozonation Process by Using Fe/MgO Nanoparticle in Removal of Phenol from Aqueous Solution with Design of Experiments Based on Taguchi Statistical Modeling. journal of health. 2015;6(1):30-42.
15. Moussavi G, Aghapour AA, Yaghmaeian K. Comparison of the Catalytic Potential of MgO/GAC, MgO/Perlite and Mgo/Pumice in the Catalytic Ozonation Process for Degradation and Mineralization of Catechol. journal of health. 2017;8(1):7-19.
16. Jin H, Yang X, Yin D, Yu H. A case study on identifying the toxicant in effluent discharged from a chemical plant. Marine pollution bulletin. 1999;39(1):122-5. [DOI:10.1016/S0025-326X(99)00118-6]
17. Cairns Jr J, Buikema Jr AL, Heath AG, Parker BC. Effects of temperature on aquatic organism sensitivity to selected chemicals. Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg (USA). Virginia Water Resources Research Center, 1978; 67-69.
18. Blinova I, editor Use of bioassays for toxicity assessment of polluted water. Proc, Symposium dedicated to the 40th Anniversary of Institute of Environmental Engineering at Tallinn Technology University, Tallinn; 2000; 24-26.
19. Villegas-Navarro A, González MR, Lopez ER, Aguilar RD, Marcal WS. Evaluation of Daphnia magna as an indicator of toxicity and treatment efficacy of textile wastewaters. Environment International. 1999;25(5):619-24. [DOI:10.1016/S0160-4120(99)00034-3]
20. Shahamat YD, Farzadkia M, Nasseri S, Mahvi AH, Gholami M, Esrafili A. Magnetic heterogeneous catalytic ozonation: a new removal method for phenol in industrial wastewater. Journal of environmental health science & engineering. 2014;12(1):50. [DOI:10.1186/2052-336X-12-50]
21. Apha A. WEF (1998) Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC; 1998.
22. Weber CI. Methods for measuring the acute toxicity of effluents and receiving waters to freshwater and marine organisms. Environmental Monitoring Systems Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, US Environmental Protection Agency, 1991; 67-76.
23. Coors A, Vanoverbeke J, De Bie T, De Meester L. Land use, genetic diversity and toxicant tolerance in natural populations of Daphnia magna. Aquatic Toxicology. 2009;95(1):71-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.aquatox.2009.08.004]
24. Fernández-Alba A, Hernando D, Agüera A, Cáceres J, Malato S. Toxicity assays: a way for evaluating AOPs efficiency. Water Research. 2002;36(17):4255-62. [DOI:10.1016/S0043-1354(02)00165-3]
25. Guerra R. Ecotoxicological and chemical evaluation of phenolic compounds in industrial effluents. Chemosphere. 2001;44(8):1737-47. [DOI:10.1016/S0045-6535(00)00562-2]
26. Environmental C. Priority substances list assessment report. 2001; 8-13.
27. Maleki A, Mahvi AH, Naddafi K. Bioassay of phenol and its intermediate products using daphnia Magna. J of Water and Wastewater. 2007;66:19-24.
28. Martins J, Teles LO, Vasconcelos V. Assays with Daphnia magna and Danio rerio as alert systems in aquatic toxicology. Environment International. 2007;33(3):414-25. [DOI:10.1016/j.envint.2006.12.006]
29. Münzinger A, Monicelli F. A comparison of the sensitivity of three Daphnia magna populations under chronic heavy metal stress. Ecotoxicology and environmental safety. 1991;22(1):24-31. [DOI:10.1016/0147-6513(91)90043-O]
30. Pawlowski L. Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater: Arnold E. Greenberd, Lenore S. Clesceri, Andrew D. Eaton (Editors) Water Environment Federation, Alexandria, USA, 1992; 1025 pp; US $120 (Hardcover); ISBN 0-87553-207-1. Elsevier; 1994.
31. Dehghani MH, Norozi Z, Nikfar E, Rastkari N. Evaluation of Bisphenol A solution toxicity before and after ultrasonic and hydrogen peroxide processes using Daphnia Magna bioassay. Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences (J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci). 2013;17(6):336-42.
32. Kalantary RR, Dadban Shahamat Y, Farzadkia M, Esrafili A, Asgharnia H. Photocatalytic degradation and mineralization of diazinon in aqueous solution using nano-TiO2 (Degussa, P25): kinetic and statistical analysis. Desalination and Water Treatment. 2015;55(2):555-63. [DOI:10.1080/19443994.2014.928795]
33. Kermani M, Farzadkia M, Esrafili A, Dadban Shahamat Y, Fallah Jokandan S. Investigation of toxicity changes of Catechol in oxidation process with ozone by bioassay. Iranian Journal of Health and Environment. 2017;10(2):237-48.
34. Environment CCoMot. Canadian Environmental Quality Guidelines: Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment; 1999; 8-13.
35. Sadeghi M, Naddafi K, Nabizadeh R. Toxicity Assessment of Perchloroethylene and Intermediate Products after Advanced Oxidation Process by Daphnia Magna Bioassay. Iranian Journal of Health and Environment. 2014;7(2):185-94.
36. Qi F, Xu B, Chen Z, Ma J, Sun D, Zhang L. Influence of aluminum oxides surface properties on catalyzed ozonation of 2, 4, 6-trichloroanisole. Separation and Purification Technology. 2009;66(2):405-10. [DOI:10.1016/j.seppur.2009.01.013]
37. Kermani M, Farzadkia M, Esrafili A, Fallah Jokandan S, Yeganeh Badi M. Removal of Catechol from Aqueous Solutions Using Catalytic Ozonation by Magnetic Nanoparticles of Iron Oxide Doped with Silica and Titanium Dioxide: A Kinetic Study. Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. 2016;26(142):139-54.
38. Bahrami Asl F, Kermani M, Farzadkia M, Esrafili A, Salahshour Arian S, Zeynalzadeh D. Removal of Metronidazole from Aqueous Solution Using Ozonation Process. Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. 2015;24(121):131-40.
39. Ranjbar M, JaafarZadeh N, Piri M, Khodadady M. Survey of Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether(MTBE) toxicity using bioassay on Daphnia magna. Iranian journal of fisheries sciences. 2011;10(3):541-5.
40. Haap T, Köhler H-R. Cadmium tolerance in seven Daphnia magna clones is associated with reduced hsp70 baseline levels and induction. Aquatic toxicology. 2009;94(2):131-7. [DOI:10.1016/j.aquatox.2009.06.006]
41. Oropesa AL, Beltrán FJ, Floro AM, Sagasti JJP, Palma P. Ecotoxicological efficiency of advanced ozonation processes with TiO2 and black light used in the degradation of carbamazepine. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2018;25(2):1670-82. [DOI:10.1007/s11356-017-0602-1]
42. Kermani M, Bahrami Asl F, Farzadkia M, Esrafili A, Salahshour Arian S, Khazaei M, et al. Heterogeneous catalytic ozonation by Nano-MgO is better than sole ozonation for metronidazole degradation, toxicity reduction, and biodegradability improvement. Desalination and Water Treatment. 2015:1-10.
43. Tatken RL, Lewis RJ. Registry of toxic effects of chemical substances. 1983; 18-24.
44. Flickinger C. The benzenediols: catechol, resorcinol and hydroquinone-a review of the industrial toxicology and current industrial exposure limits. The American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal. 1976;37(10):596-606. [DOI:10.1080/0002889768507526]
Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Kermani M, Farzadkia M, Esrafili A, Dadban Shahamat Y, Fallah Jokandan S. Determination of Catechol Toxicity Changes Before and After the Ctalytic Ozonation Process Using Bioassay Method. j.health. 2019; 10 (1) :7-18
URL: http://healthjournal.arums.ac.ir/article-1-1767-en.html

Volume 10, Issue 1 (spring 2019) Back to browse issues page
مجله سلامت و بهداشت Journal of Health
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.11 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 3960