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:: Volume 7, Issue 3 (summer 2016) ::
j.health 2016, 7(3): 321-330 Back to browse issues page
The Impact of Health Education Based on PRECEDE Model on Knowledge, Attitude and Behavior of Grade Nine Female Students about Iron Deficiency Anemia in Qazvin
SH Fathizadeh , D Shojaeizadeh , M Mahmoodi , GH Garmarodi , M Amirsardari , M Azadbakht , K Gheysvandy
Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (2888 Views)

Background & objectives: Iron deficiency anemia is a serious health issue affecting physical and psychological growth, behavior, and work performance. Teenage girls are among the groups who are at the risk of Iron deficiency anemia. The aim of this research was to determine the effect of health education program based on PRECEDE Model in controlling iron-deficiency anemia.

Methods: This quasi-experimental study was done on 120 students (60 case and 60 control groups) who were selected using stratified random sampling method in 2013-2014.Intervention was done in three sessions of 60 minute and the questionnaires were distributed and completed three months later. Data gathering tool was a self-administered questionnaire base on the PRECEDE model constructs. Data were analyzed by independent and paired t-test, MaCNemar test using SPSS software version 18.

Results: Comparing to the control group, the mean scores of knowledge and attitude (predisposing factors), using educational resources, organizing educational course, participating in educational programs (Enabling factors), encouraging family , teachers and peers (reinforcing factors), and the practice significantly increased in the case group after educational intervention.

Conclusion: The present study indicates that an educational intervention based on PRECEDE model and its main components (predisposing, enabling, and reinforcing factors) has a positive effect on improving preventive behaviors of iron deficiency anemia in study population.

Keywords: PRECEDE Model, Knowledge, Attitude, Nutritional Behavior, Iron Deficiency Anemia, Students.
Full-Text [PDF 167 kb]   (1391 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2016/06/20 | Accepted: 2016/06/20 | Published: 2016/06/20
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Fathizadeh S, Shojaeizadeh D, Mahmoodi M, Garmarodi G, Amirsardari M, Azadbakht M et al . The Impact of Health Education Based on PRECEDE Model on Knowledge, Attitude and Behavior of Grade Nine Female Students about Iron Deficiency Anemia in Qazvin. j.health. 2016; 7 (3) :321-330
URL: http://healthjournal.arums.ac.ir/article-1-994-en.html
Volume 7, Issue 3 (summer 2016) Back to browse issues page
مجله سلامت و بهداشت Journal of Health
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