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:: Volume 5, Number 4 (winter 2015) ::
j.health 2015, 5(4): 289-299 Back to browse issues page
Effects of Health Education Based on Health Belief Model on Nutrition Behaviors of Primary School Students in Torbat e Heydariyeh City in 2012
H Alizadeh Siuki , KhM Jadgal, N Shamaeian Razavi, I Zareban, H Heshmati, N Saghi
Torbateheydariyeh Univer sity of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (5870 Views)

Background & Objectives: Children and adolescents need sufficient and healthy nutrition more than other age groups in order to achieve adequate physical growth and mental development. Children need nutrition education to obtain necessary skills to choose the food correctly. This research performed to survey the effect of health education based on Health Belief Model on nutrition behaviors of primary school students in Torbat e heydariyeh city. Methods: The current research is a quasi-experimental study, where 180 students at elementary school were selected via multi-stage random sampling method and were divided into two intervention and control groups. Data collection tool was researcher made questionnaire and its validity and reliability were evaluated and confirmed. Pre-test was performed for both groups. Need assessment was performed based on the pre-test results and educational interventions were implemented on intervention group. Time period of training course was one hour. Post-test was performed after one month using the same questionnaire. The collected data were analyzed by independent t-test, paired t-test, Pearson, and chi square using SPSS software. Results: Before intervention, the average scores for knowledge, perceived benefits, barriers, susceptibility and severity, and self-efficacy were not significantly different between two groups (p>0.05). After training, scores for all above mentioned variables were significantly increased in intervention group (p<0.05). Regression model that includes behavior as the dependent variable and awareness, perceived susceptibility, severity, benefits and barriers, and self-efficacy as predictors, was significant (p=0.001). Conclusion: The results showed that Health Belief Model-based nutrition education by peers has a positive impact on the nutrition behavior of students and the perceived susceptibility have the most influence on behavior within the predictor variables.

Keywords: Nutrition Behavior, Health Belief Model, Peer Education, Students.
Full-Text [PDF 240 kb]   (2444 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/01/31 | Accepted: 2015/01/31 | Published: 2015/01/31
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Alizadeh Siuki H, Jadgal K, Shamaeian Razavi N, Zareban I, Heshmati H, Saghi N. Effects of Health Education Based on Health Belief Model on Nutrition Behaviors of Primary School Students in Torbat e Heydariyeh City in 2012. j.health. 2015; 5 (4) :289-299
URL: http://healthjournal.arums.ac.ir/article-1-473-en.html
Volume 5, Number 4 (winter 2015) Back to browse issues page
مجله سلامت و بهداشت Journal of Health
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