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:: Volume 9, Issue 5 (winter 2019) ::
j.health 2019, 9(5): 484-495 Back to browse issues page
Effect of Irrigation with Industrial Effluent and Well Water on the Levels of Heavy Metals in Wheat (Case Study of Alborz Industrial Center)
MM Zarrabi , S Mafakheri , A Mahdavi Mazdeh , Z Jafari Halali
Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin
Abstract:   (838 Views)
Background & objectives: This study was conducted to investigate the effect of irrigation with industrial wastewater and well water on the pollution of heavy metals of wheat plants, which is cultivated in Alborz Industrial city, Qazvin.
Methods: Samples were taken from wastewater, soil and wheat in the fields adjacent to the industrial city of Alborz. Meanwhile, healthy water used by farmers, soil and field plants located at 5 km from the Alborz industrial city as a control. Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy was used to measure the levels of Cd, Cu, Ni, Cr, Mn and Al in wastewater, soil and wheat and compare with the limit and control values.
Results: Although the concentrations of metals in the wastewater were below the FAO limit for irrigation, the concentration of cadmium, copper, chromium, manganese and aluminum in wheat grain irrigated by wastewater was higher than the limit. Cd, Cu, Cr and Ni concentration in all the collected samples from wastewater irrigated site were significantly higher than clean water irrigated ones, whereas Mn and Al concentrations in all the collected samples were higher than the permissible limits in both wastewater irrigated site and clean water irrigated ones but the difference were not significant (p>0.05).
Conclusion: The study concludes that the use of treated wastewater for irrigation has increased the contamination of Cd, Cu, Cr and Ni in soil and agricultural products.
Keywords: Atomic Absorption Spectrometry, Heavy Metals, Pollution, Wastewater, Wheat
Full-Text [PDF 237 kb]   (439 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/12/20 | Accepted: 2018/12/20 | Published: 2018/12/20
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Zarrabi M, Mafakheri S, Mahdavi Mazdeh A, Jafari Halali Z. Effect of Irrigation with Industrial Effluent and Well Water on the Levels of Heavy Metals in Wheat (Case Study of Alborz Industrial Center). j.health. 2019; 9 (5) :484-495
URL: http://healthjournal.arums.ac.ir/article-1-1698-en.html


Volume 9, Issue 5 (winter 2019) Back to browse issues page
مجله سلامت و بهداشت Journal of Health
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